The Russian name for Glade is Plodorodnoye

Glade and Gilpin: Doukhobor communities with English names

You wouldn’t guess it from their names, but Gilpin and Glade both figure in Doukhobor history.

Seventieth in a somewhat alphabetical series on West Kootenay/Boundary place names

You wouldn’t guess it from their names, but Gilpin and Glade both figure in Doukhobor history.

The former, 13 km east of Grand Forks, is named for Ranulph Robert Gilpin (1861-1953), a Nova Scotian who established a ranch on the creek that also bears his name. The Dewdney Trail passed through it.

According to Jim and Alice Glanville in Grand Forks: The First 100 Years, Gilpin arrived around 1884 and soon became a customs officer — his cabin/customs house is now behind Gallery 2 in Grand Forks. He sold his ranch in 1904 but remained in the area.

The earliest mention of Gilpin as a place name is in the Boundary Creek Times of March 13, 1897: “Two weeks ago the coach capsized between here and Gilpin’s …” It was also a stop on the Columbia and Western Railway line built the following year.

When the Northwest Boundary Survey came through the area in 1859 they established an astronomical station slightly to the east of present-day Gilpin called Camp Statapoosten, or Statapoostin, presumably an Okanagan-Colville word, although its meaning is not known.

American surveyor Joseph S. Harris wrote to his mother: “[O]n November 1, the party started for this point (Statapoostin), which they reached yesterday.” The name didn’t stick.

In 1937, Sons of Freedom released from the Piers Island Penitentiary started a shanty village at Gilpin. It remains a small residential community with the name enshrined in Gilpin Road.

Glade, on the Kootenay River 17 km northeast of Castlegar, was originally known as Passmore or Passmore’s Siding after rancher Richard Passmore (1859-fl. 1911). (We’ll discuss whether he was also the Slocan Valley community’s namesake later in this series.)

After community Doukhobors bought nearly 1,100 acres in the area, the Nelson Daily News of April 13, 1911 reported: “With the coming week, the Doukhobor society will again have a settlers sawmill in operation down the river upon their holdings. Since the recent burning down of the original mill [on March 16], and the erection of a new one, which has just been completed, the name of the locality has been changed by the CPR from Passmore to Glade.”

The new name reflected the dictionary definition “an open space in a forest” but didn’t catch on immediately, for the Winnipeg Free Press reported on April 25: “[The Doukhobors] have at present two different contracts from the CPR for 100,000 ties to be delivered at Trail and Passmore’s Siding … The community also owns 1,400 acres at Passmore Creek, which is situated on the Kootenay river between Castlegar and Slocan Junction.” (Passmore Creek became Glade Creek.)

Glade was officially added to the CPR timetable on June 4, 1911 and was originally only on the north side of the river, while the Doukhobor settlement on the south side was called Dolina Plodorodnaya — meaning “fertile valley” — and later just Plodorodnoye.

The Russian name eventually fell by the wayside (although it’s included on a welcome sign erected a few years ago) and the community became better known as Glade — today the name usually refers to the south side of the river, although the Glade store is on the north side.

A post office was announced for Glade in 1942 but for some reason never opened. Glade remains a distinctive residential community by virtue of its cable ferry.

Previous installments in this series

Introduction

Ainsworth

Alamo

Anaconda

Annable, Apex, and Arrow Park

Annable, revisited

Appledale

Applegrove, Appleby, and Appledale revisited

Argenta and Arrowhead

Aylwin

Bakers, Birds, and Bosun Landing

Balfour

Bannock City, Basin City, and Bear Lake City

Beasley

Beaton

Bealby Point

Bealby Point (aka Florence Park) revisited

Belford and Blewett

Beaverdell and Billings

Birchbank and Birchdale

Blueberry and Bonnington

Boswell, Bosworth, Boulder Mill, and Broadwater

Brandon

Brilliant

Brooklyn, Brouse, and Burnt Flat

Burton

Camborne, Cariboo City, and Carrolls Landing

Carmi, Cedar Point, Circle City, and Clark’s Camp

Carson, Carstens, and Cascade City

Casino and Champion Creek

Castlegar, Part 1

Castlegar, Part 2

Castlegar, Part 3

Christina Lake

Christina City and Christian Valley

Clubb Landing and Coltern

Cody and Champion Creek revisited

Champion Creek revisited, again

Columbia

Columbia City, Columbia Gardens, and Columbia Park

Comaplix

Cooper Creek and Corra Linn

Crawford Bay and Comaplix revisited

Crescent Valley and Craigtown

Davenport

Dawson, Deadwood, and Deanshaven

Deer Park

East Arrow Park and Edgewood

Eholt

English Cove and English Point

Enterprise

Erie

Evans Creek and Evansport

Falls City

Farron

Fauquier

Ferguson

Ferguson, revisited

Fife

Forslund, Fosthall, and Fairview

Fort Shepherd vs. Fort Sheppard, Part 1

Fort Shepherd vs. Fort Sheppard, Part 2

Fort Sheppard, revisited

Fraser’s Landing and Franklin

Fredericton

Fruitvale and Fraine

Galena Bay

Genelle

Gerrard

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