Two local men who served in the cabinet of BC’s first New Democratic government receive flattering portrayals in a recent book about that era.
As labour minister, Revelstoke-Slocan MLA Bill King oversaw a major re-write of the labour code and revamp of the BC Labour Relations Board. He also imposed back-to-work legislation on 50,000 striking workers in one fell swoop.
“No one was more competent or generated more change,” Geoff Meggs and Rod Mickleburgh write of King in The Art of the Impossible: Dave Barrett and the NDP in Power 1972-75. “Few ministers in Dave Barrett’s uneven cabinet had more mastery over their portfolios than the locomotive engineer with a Grade 10 education … By the time his term was up, the minefield that was labour relations law in BC was forever altered, for the better.”
King and the premier both felt that despite the NDP’s ties to the movement, trade unions should not dictate labour relations in BC — a stance that didn’t endear them to the BC Federation of Labour.
King gave his ministry a thorough housecleaning, warning bureaucrats change was on the way and they could like it or leave. More than 20 left, by choice or by force, replaced with a new wave of talented young mandarins. One of them, Bob Plecas, called King “one of the best ministers I ever had.”
The new labour code, unveiled in 1973, “provoked gasps at its sheer, breathtaking audacity,” the authors write. It removed jurisdiction over labour disputes from the courts in favour of the Labour Relations Board and made it easier to organize a workforce. Police officers, firefighters, and hospital staff were also given the right to strike.
Although hailed as the most progressive legislation in the country, the BC Fed was deeply offended by its use of binding arbitration and restriction of picketing rights. Despite measures aimed at calming the volatile labour atmosphere, skyrocketing inflation resulted in extraordinary wage demands and then a tidal wave of strikes and lockouts, involving pulp mill workers, trainsmen, truck drivers, and supermarket employees.
King’s efforts to avoid the work stoppages proved futile, so on October 7, 1975, he imposed a cooling off period and sent them all back to work. Labour leaders were appalled, but others called it gutsy leadership. King, who went to high school in Nelson, returned last summer for the Fairview Athletic Club reunion. He now lives in Fruitvale.
Meanwhile, Nelson-Creston MLA Lorne Nicolson became BC’s — and Canada’s — first housing minister, despite no background in housing policy. On his watch, the government bought a private development company, and with it all the tools needed to add social housing.
“Rather than create a Crown corporation with tired civil servants,” Nicolson told the authors, “we bought a thriving company.” (They paid $5.6 million. Three years later, the company sold for $21 million.)
Nicolson’s ministry acquired and converted properties and built new housing as well: 1,400 units in 1974, a 36 per cent increase in stock. By the end of 1976, when the NDP was long out of office, the stock had doubled.
The book also describes a memorable speech Dave Barrett delivered in 1975 during his unsuccessful re-election bid: “Barrett began hitting his stride midway through the campaign. By the time he reached the resource-based, counterculture town of Nelson in late November, he simply caught fire. Before a foot-stomping, enthusiastic crowd of 1,100 people who had ventured through a heavy snowfall to crowd the gym at Notre Dame University, the premier responded with his most rousing speech of the campaign.”
Gesticulating wildly, he followed each zinger with a cry of “Whoopee!” Barrett blasted his Social Credit opponents as “that conglomerate bunch of back-sliders, boat jumpers, high divers and half benders” and said the election was “the people against the big, vested interests.”
In a photo caption, the authors suggest “No one could rouse an audience like Dave Barrett, perhaps the finest political orator in the province’s history” — although former Nelson-Creston MLA Corky Evans might challenge him for the title.
Yet it was for naught. While Nicolson and King were both re-elected, their government was soundly defeated.
THE LAST WORD ON KENNETH CAMPBELL: I devoted parts of two recent columns to Kenneth Campbell, the Liberal MLA for Nelson who in 1924 stepped aside so that Premier John Oliver could run here in a byelection. But I was unable to establish what happened to Campbell after he left the area a few years later. I’m indebted to Jan Fisher, a distant relative of Campbell’s wife Margaret, for providing the answer.
Turns out the couple moved to Vancouver in 1927 and according to nephew Roderick MacDonald, “Kenneth apparently suffered no harm in leaving politics. In later life he had a number of hotels and beer parlours in Vancouver, including the Ambassador Hotel.”
Campbell died in Vancouver on March 28, 1951 at 70. He was buried in Nelson in the same cemetery plot as his wife and their infant daughter Effie. The Campbells also had several other children, including two sons born in Sandon. Charles died last year at 95 while Ken Jr. lives in the Lower Mainland.